2. Quality technical and vocational training in Tanzania by the NGO VIA Don Bosco
Tanzania has a very youthful population: almost 65% are under the age of 25. Currently, the country has only 1 school with teacher training for technical and vocational teachers. With barely 220 teachers graduating per year, this school provides 2.2% of the 10,000 teachers needed in the country, resulting in a lack of quality vocational education.
Since 2017, the NGO VIA Don Bosco has been changing this by better preparing the most disadvantaged young people between the ages of 15 and 28 for the job market. The organization does this by improving the quality of education in the vocational training centers, the management of the centers and the guidance of the students towards the labor market. In addition, a new Teacher's Training College (TTC) is being established to meet the demand for qualified vocational teachers in the country.
- Between 2017 - 2020, 5926 students, including 2437 girls (41%), were able to receive vocational training in one of the two training centers.
- 2740 learners have graduated since 2017 and have successfully completed their diploma.
- Today, 36% of students find employment 6 months after they graduate - compared to 46% in 2019. This is largely due to the corona crisis and the presidential election. Many companies were forced to close or postpone hiring.
- The goal is to bring this rate to 55% by 2021.
VIA Don Bosco is also putting a lot of energy into guiding young people into the labor market. The unemployment rate in Tanzania is about 10% and also affects young people. One of the reasons for this is the mismatch that exists between supply and demand in terms of technical skills. The Don Bosco vocational schools in Tanzania work closely with the business community and the government to respond to these opportunities. In this way the schools match supply with demand and create job security for their students.
A concrete example is the establishment of a hardware maintenance course, where there is currently a shortage of professionals. Through a field attachment assessment, the training centers keep their finger on the pulse when it comes to employers' requirements. Last year, 86% of final-year apprentices passed the employment agency's test. It shows that the apprentices are enthusiastic, responsible, and ready for the job market and its demands.
In 2019, the Teacher Trainer College (TTC) infrastructure was fully completed. Due to the corona crisis, the legal registration and accreditation by the Tanzanian government was significantly delayed. Today that process is in its final stage and the first students will soon be able to register.
Nevertheless, activities were already taking place. The TTC already offers technical training and short, tailor-made training courses for teachers. This enables them to provide high quality training to students. Last year, 64 instructors for vocational schools received such training.
In addition, 20 female youths will soon start training in Telecommunications, Electronics and Computers. They will take their final year of pedagogical training at the TTC.
Targets for 2021
By the end of 2021, 55% of the students should find employment 6 months after they graduate. In addition, at least 80% of graduates should feel "empowered" by 2021. Currently, that number hovers around 78%, despite the difficulties with the COVID 19 pandemic. This shows that students really feel supported thanks to their professional training.